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Grammar-Verb: Apa itu Verbs?

Verbs atau verba merupakan kata kerja, yakni kata yang menggambarkan proses, perbuatan, atau keadaan. Verbs juga bisa disebut sebagai sesuatu yang dilakukan oleh subjek.

Dalam Bahasa Inggris, ada banyak sekali macam verbs. Di sini kami akan mencoba menjelaskannya satu per satu, dimulai dari bagian-bagian utama verbs, yaitu the simple form, the simple past, the past participle, dan the present participle.

Regular vs Irregular Verb

Untuk mempermudah pemahaman, kami akan gunakan verbs yang lazim ditemui atau telah familer dalam kehidupan/percakapan sehari-hari.

Contoh REGULAR VERBS

The simple form The simple past The past participle The present participle
Stop Stopped Stopped Stopping
Wait Waited Waited Waiting
Clean Cleaned Cleaned Cleaning
Study Studied Studied Studying
Play Played Played Playing
Help Helped Helped Helping
Move Moved Moved Moving
Open Opened Opened Opening
Close Closed Closed Closing
Need Needed Needed Needing
Start Started Started Starting
Love Loved Loved Loving
Hope Hoped Hoped Hoping
Look Looked Looked Looking
Finish Finished Finished Finishing
Watch Watched Watched Watching
Walk Walked Walked Walking
…dan masih banyak lagi, –> lebih lanjut regular verb

Contoh IRREGULAR VERBS

The simple form The simple past The past participle The present participle
Put Put Put Putting
See Saw See Seeing
Cut Cut Cut Cutting
Go Went Gone Going
Eat Ate Eaten Eating
Forgive Forgave Forgiven Forgiving
Sing Sang Sung Singing
Write Wrote Written Writing
Read Read Read Reading
Make Made Made Making
Pay Paid Paid Paying
Spend Spent Spent Spending
Stand Stood Stood Standing
Tell Told Told Telling
Speak Spoke Spoken Speaking
Wear Wore Worn Wearing
Ride Rode Ridden Riding
Draw Drew Drawn Drawing
Fall Fell Fallen Falling
Fight Fought Fought Fighting
…dan masih banyak lagi –> lebih lanjut irregular verb

The Simple Form

The simple form adalah bentuk verbs dasar yang biasa dicari dan ditemukan dalam kamus. Verbs ini tidak memiliki akhiran –s, –es, –ed, maupun –ing.

Format kalimatnya adalah:

Subjek + Simple form verb + Objek/Keterangan.

Kalimat ini menerangkan tentang sesuatu yang merupakan rutinitas atau dilakukan hampir setiap hari, seperti:

  1. I study in the evening.
  2. They go to school everday.
  3. We read Shakespeare’s in English class this semester.

The Simple Past

The simple past adalah bentuk verbs yang memiliki akhiran –ed. Kebanyakan verbs merupakan regular verbs sehingga dapat dengan mudah diubah ke dalam bentuk simple past dengan menambahkan akhiran –ed.

Namun, ada pula yang disebut dengan irregular verbs yang memiliki bentuk simple past berbeda dari verba dasarnya. Format kalimatnya pun sederhana:

Subjek + Simple past form verbs + Objek/Keterangan.

Kalimat ini menerangkan tentang sesuatu yang terjadi di masa lampau.

  1. She ate oatmeal for breakfast this morning.
  2. I spoke to my thesis supervisor and he gave my proposal research a go.
  3. My little brother played with his new toy all day long yesterday.
  4. My best friend helped me going through some terrible moments in my life.

The Past Participle

The past participle adalah bentuk verbs yang juga berakhiran –ed dan digunakan dalam kalimat present perfect tenses dan past perfect tenses. Kedua jenis kalimat tersebut memiliki format:

Subjek + Have/Has + Past participle form verbs (untuk present perfect tense) + Objek/keterangan

Kalimat ini menerangkan tentang sesuatu yang terjadi sebelum masa kini, bisa terjadi sekali maupun berulang kali.

  1. My little sister has eaten her lunch.
  2. It has been hot for the past three days.
  3. How long have you lived here?

Subjek + Had + Past participle form verb (untuk past perfect tense) + Objek/keterangan.

Kalimat ini menerangkan tentang sesuatu yang telah terjadi dan tidak terulang lagi di masa lampau.

  1. By the time she came, I had already finished
  2. When you bought me dinner last night, I wasn’t hungry anymore. I had already eaten.
  3. She was my best friends. She had helped me going through some bad period in my life.

The Present Participle

The present participle adalah bentuk verbs yang berakhiran –ing, baik untuk regular maupun irregular verbs. Biasanya digunakan dalam kalimat-kalimat progressive tenses, baik present progressive maupun past progressive. Format kalimatnya adalah:

Subjek + Am, is, are + Present participle form verbs (untuk present progressive tense) + Objek/keterangan

  1. I am studying for tomorrow’s exam.
  2. We are fighthing an unwinnable war.
  3. With the passing of my grandma, my mom is going through a difficult time in her life right now.

Subjek + Was, were + Present participle form verbs (untuk past progressive tense) + Objek/keterangan

  1. She was studying when I came home last night.
  2. It was raining when I went to school this morning.
  3. We were watching the movie when electricity went off.

Sekarang cobalah untuk membuat sendiri masing-masing kalimat berdasarkan bentuk dasar verbs yang telah kami berikan di atas. Selamat belajar!

–> lebih lanjut present participle

Verbs

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Grammar-Verb: Apa itu Modal Verb?
Grammar-Verb: Apa itu Active Verb (Kalimat Aktif)?
Grammar-Verb: Apa itu Linking Verb?
Grammar-Verb: Apa itu Light Verb?
Grammar-Verb: Apa itu Irregular Verb (Kata Kerja tak Beraturan)?
Grammar-Verb: Apa itu Infinitive Verb?
Grammar-Verb: Apa itu Indicative Verb?

 

Grammar-Verb: Apa itu Imperative Verb?
Grammar Tenses: Apa itu Simple Past Tense?
Grammar-Noun: Common Noun vs Proper Noun
Grammar-Pronoun: Apa itu Demonstrative Pronoun?
Sentences: Apa itu Imperative Sentence (Kalimat Perintah)?
Sentence Structure: Apa itu Complex Sentence?
Grammar-Verb: Apa itu Regular Verb (Kata Kerja Beraturan)?
Sentences: Apa itu Declarative Sentence?
Grammar Tenses: Apa itu Past Future Perfect Tense?
Sentences: Apa itu Compound Complex Sentence?


 
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Perbedaan Simple Past & Past Participle
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Apa itu Compound Sentence dalam Bahasa Inggris?
Perbedaan Noun dan Pronoun
Apa itu Conditional Sentences?
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