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Grammar-Verb: Regular Verbs vs Irregular Verbs

Bahasa Inggris memiliki dua jenis kata kerja, yakni regular dan irregular verbs. Untuk dapat membedakan keduanya sebenarnya cukup mudah. Anda dapat melihat bentuk simple past dan past participle dari kata kerja tersebut.

Regular dan irregular verbs tidak memiliki bentuk yang berbeda pada simple present, present participle, dan infinitive. Sedangkan untuk simple past dan past participle-nya, biasanya memiliki bentuk yang berbeda dari kata dasar (infinitive).

Regular Verb

REGULAR VERBS, seperti namanya, adalah kata kerja reguler atau biasa. Kata kerja ini mudah diprediksi dan bentuk simple past serta past participle-nya cukup diberi akhiran -ed pada infinitif untuk membentuk kata kerja reguler tersebut.

  • Bila kata kerja berakhiran -e, maka cukup tambahkan -d.
  • Bila kata kerja berakhiran -y, maka hilangkan -y dan gantikan dengan -ied.
  • Bila kata kerja berakhiran dengan huruf vokal dan konsonan, konsonan tersebut digandakan dan ditambahi dengan -ed.

Berikut beberapa contoh regular verbs.

Verb Simple past Past participle
Hug Hugged Hugged
Toss Tossed Tossed
Race Raced Raced
Dry Dried Dried
Fry Fried Fried
Cry Cried Cried
Study Studied Studied
Call Called Called
Visit Visited Visited
Wish Wished Wished
Serve Served Served
Show Showed Showed
Dance Danced Danced
Watch Watched Watched
Learn Learned Learned
Fill Filled Filled
Want Wanted Wanted
Close Closed Closed
Believe Believed Believed
Trus Trusted Trusted
Hope Hoped Hoped

Irregular Verb

IRREGULAR VERBS adalah kebalikan dari regular verbs, yakni kata kerja yang tidak beraturan. Ciri-cirinya adalah tidak mudah diprediksi dan tidak memiliki akhiran -ed di belakang infinitifnya. Bentuk simple past dan past participle-nya harus dipelajari dan dihafalkan agar dapat menggunakannya dengan leluasa dalam berbagai struktur kalimat Bahasa Inggris.

Berikut beberapa contoh irregular verbs.

Verb Simple past Past participle
Go Went Went
Become Became Became
Buy Bought Bought
Bring Brought Brought
Cut Cut Cut
Put Put Put
Take Took Taken
Give Gave Given
Know Knew Known
Hide Hid Hidden
Say Said Said
See Saw Seen
Sit Sat Sat
Drink Drunk Drank
Run Ran Run
Wake Woke Woken (bisa juga wake)
Keep Kept Kept
Speak Spoke Spoken
Stand Stood Stood
Read Read Read
Teach Taught Taught
Sing Sang Sung
Eat Ate Eaten
Do Did Done

INGAT bahwa baik regular dan irregular verbs tidak memiliki perbedaan dalam bentuk simple present dan present participle. Yang wajib Anda perhatikan adalah bentuk simple past dan past participle karena kata kerja merupakan elemen yang esensial dalam kalimat serta tenses dalam Bahasa Inggris.

Sekarang cobalah untuk mengisi bagian-bagian kata kerja yang dikosongi dalam contoh kalimat di bawah ini. Kenali juga apakah kata kerja tersebut termasuk dalam regular atau irregular verbs dari bentuk simple past/past participle-nya.

  • Brian _____ the whole glass of milk before he went to school this morning. (to drink)
  • I don’t have anymore money. I _____ all of them to buy a comic yesterday. (to spend)
  • Mom _____ grandma on the phone to check if she was okay after the fall. (to call)
  • The whole class ____ to the museum for study trip last semester. (to go)
  • He peeked inside the box and _____ the present he was hoping for. (to see)
  • Dad _____ on the shoes we _____ him for his birthday. (to try, to buy)
  • Karen and I _____ the new Julia Roberts’ movie on the teather. It was very good. (to watch)
  • My little brother was being _____ to school everyday until he entered the first grade. (to walk)
  • That was the first time the whole family had ____ there. (to go)
  • I didn’t have the heart to lie to her. She _____ anything I said. (to believe)
  • Andy just ____ the wallet he _____ on the park this morning. (to give, to find)
  • I _____ the basketball last Sunday with the boys in my class. (to play)

Verbs

Artikel Lainnya

Verb Mood: Indicative, Imperative, Subjunctive, dan Infinitive
Grammar-Verb: Regular Verbs vs Irregular Verbs
Grammar-Verb: Active vs Passive Voice
Grammar-Verb: Auxiliary Verbs vs Light Verbs
Verb -ing: Gerund vs Present Participle
Past Tense: Simple Past vs Past Continous
Perfect Tense: Past Perfect vs Present Perfect vs Future Perfect
Future Tense: Simple Future vs Future Continuous
Present Tense: Simple Present vs Present Continuous
Grammar-Verb: Apa itu Verbs?

 

Grammar-Conjunction: Adverbial Conjunctions (Conjunctive Adverbs)
Grammar Tenses: Past Future Continuous Tense
Grammar Tenses: Simple Present Tense
Grammar-Noun: Concrete Noun
Sentence: Negative Sentence (Kalimat Negatif)
Grammar-Adverb: Amplifiers Adverb
Grammar-Pronoun: Personal Pronoun
Grammar Tenses: Past Continuous Tense
Grammar-Adjective: Apa Itu Adjective?
Grammar-Pronoun: Reflexive Pronoun


 


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